Data from: Longer food chains in pelagic ecosystems: trophic energetics of animal body size and metabolic efficiency

McGarvey R, Dowling N, Cohen JE

Date Published: March 16, 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.ps1h0

 

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Title SupplementaryTables: Data on trophic levels and body lengths of trophic species in 9 pelagic and 9 terrestrial food webs
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Description Adult body lengths of all trophic species in these 18 webs were taken from reported values in the literature and on the Internet. The trophic level of each trophic species was determined from food web graphs, designating primary producers as trophic level 1, herbivores as trophic level 2, and so on. Six of 9 pelagic and 2 of 9 terrestrial webs explicitly indicated principal energy flow pathways in the food web graphs. Where food web diagrams indicated the relative strength of multiple trophic pathways (such as a predator consuming a range of prey species from various trophic levels, e.g. by the width of arrows), the strongest pathways were used to determine food chain length and trophic levels. Otherwise, directed trophic links were used as given. The 18 webs are selected from the 113 food webs analyzed by Briand and Cohen (1987, Science 238:956-960). These data were used to estimate geometric mean body length by trophic level for animals in pelagic and terrestrial food webs. Table S1 gives summary information and a description for all 18 webs. Table S2 gives the lengths and trophic levels for all trophic species in the 9 pelagic webs. Table S3 gives the lengths and trophic levels for all trophic species in the 9 terrestrial webs. The 9 pelagic webs chosen were the 9 of 113 Briand and Cohen webs with longest maximum food chain length that also had only one-celled primary producers. The 9 terrestrial webs were individually chosen as those having similar numbers of trophic species as the 9 pelagic webs (to minimize differences between pelagic and terrestrial food webs arising from more detail having been included in the published food web graphs).
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When using this data, please cite the original publication:

McGarvey R, Dowling N, Cohen JE (2016) Longer food chains in pelagic ecosystems: trophic energetics of animal body size and metabolic efficiency. The American Naturalist 188(1): 76-86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/686880

Additionally, please cite the Dryad data package:

McGarvey R, Dowling N, Cohen JE (2016) Data from: Longer food chains in pelagic ecosystems: trophic energetics of animal body size and metabolic efficiency. Dryad Digital Repository. http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.ps1h0
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