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dc.contributor.author Roth, Olivia
dc.contributor.author Klein, Verena
dc.contributor.author Beemelmanns, Anne
dc.contributor.author Scharsack, Jörn P.
dc.contributor.author Reusch, Thorsten B. H.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-26T19:32:34Z
dc.date.available 2012-07-26T19:32:34Z
dc.date.issued 2012-10-31
dc.identifier doi:10.5061/dryad.r6624
dc.identifier.citation Roth O, Klein V, Beemelmanns A, Scharsack JP, Reusch TBH (2012) Male pregnancy and bi-parental immune priming. The American Naturalist 180(6): 802-814.
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10255/dryad.41289
dc.description In vertebrates, maternal transfer of immunity via the eggs or the placenta provides offspring with crucial information on prevailing pathogens and parasites. Males contribute little to such trans-generational immune priming, either because they do not share the environment and parasite pressure of the offspring, or because sperm are suggested to be too small for transfer of immunity. In the teleost group of Syngnathids (pipefish, seahorses and sea dragons) males brood female eggs in a placenta-like structure. Such sex-role-reversed species provide a unique opportunity to test for adaptive plasticity in immune transfer. Here males in addition to females should influence offspring immunity. We experimentally tested paternal effects on offspring immunity by examining immune cell proliferation and immune gene expression. Maternal and paternal bacterial exposure induced the offspring's immune defence five weeks after hatching, and this effect persisted in four-month-old offspring. For several offspring immune traits double parental exposure (maternal and paternal) enhanced the response, while for another group of immune traits, the trans-generational induction already took place if only one parent was exposed. Our study shows that sex-role reversal in connection with male pregnancy opens the door for bi-parental influences on offspring immunity, and may represent one additional advantage for the evolution of male pregnancy.
dc.relation.haspart doi:10.5061/dryad.r6624/1
dc.relation.haspart doi:10.5061/dryad.r6624/2
dc.relation.haspart doi:10.5061/dryad.r6624/3
dc.relation.haspart doi:10.5061/dryad.r6624/4
dc.relation.isreferencedby doi:10.1086/668081
dc.relation.isreferencedby PMID:23149404
dc.subject Ecology: experimental
dc.subject Evolution: experimental
dc.subject Immunity: ecology
dc.subject Interactions: host/pathogen
dc.subject Maternal effects
dc.subject Mating systems
dc.subject Parental care
dc.subject Reproduction: investment
dc.subject Resource allocation
dc.subject Ocean
dc.title Data from: Male pregnancy and bi-parental immune priming
dc.type Article *
dwc.ScientificName Syngnathus typhle
dwc.ScientificName Vibrio spp
dc.contributor.correspondingAuthor Roth, Olivia
prism.publicationName The American Naturalist

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Title direct_immune_parameters_four_month_offspring
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Description Measurements of direct immune parameter analyses in four month old offspring.
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Title gene_expression_five_weeks_old_offspring
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Description Gene expression measurements of five week old offspring.
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Title gene_expression_fluidigm_four_month_old_offspring
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Description Gene expression measurements of four-month-old offspring using the fluidigm method.
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Title gene_expresssion_qpcr_four_month_offspring
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Description Gene expression measurement of four-month-old offspring using quantitative PCR method.
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