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# Data from: Reactive responses of zebras to lion encounters shape their predator-prey space game at large scale

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Data from: Reactive responses of zebras to lion encounters shape their predator-prey space game at large scale

Content in the Dryad Digital Repository is offered "as is." By downloading files, you agree to the Dryad Terms of Service. To the extent possible under law, the authors have waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to this data.

Title | Encounter_ClassificationEM |
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Downloaded | 8 times |

Description | Data used to classify the immediate spatial responses of zebras after an encounter with lions between stay and flight. Column headings: Id = id of zebras, DateTime = local date and time of the GPS fixes of zebras, DistToLion = distance between zebra and lion at the time of the encounter in m, NetDisplacement = net displacement of zebra two hours after the encounter with lion in m. |

Download | Encounter_ClassificationEM.txt (12.72 Kb) |

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Title | Encounter_RSF |
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Downloaded | 15 times |

Description | Data used to determine the habitat features of encounter areas and the habitat determinants of immediate response choice (stay or flight). Column headings: Id = id of zebra, DateTime = local date and time of the GPS fixes of zebras, Encounter = dependent categorical variable indicating if an encounter occurred ("Yes") or not ("No") at a given time, Encounter2 = dependent categorical variable (question 2) indicating if zebras stay ("Stay") or flee ("Flight") after encountering lions, DistWater = distance to artificial waterholes in km, Grassland = binary variable with 1 if zebra was in grassland and 0 if not, Bushland-1 = binary variable, Bushland-2 = binary variable, Bushland-3 = binary variable, Woodland = binary variable, Wooded Bushland = binary variable (reference category). |

Download | Encounter_RSF.txt (280.0 Kb) |

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Title | RSF_Lions |
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Downloaded | 8 times |

Description | Data used to asses habitat selection function of lions (RSF). Column headings: Id = id of lion, DateTime = local date and time of the GPS fixes of lions, Year = year, isNight = binary variable indicating if GPS fixes occurred at nighttime (1) or daytime (0), DistWater = distance to artificial waterhole in km, Case = binary response with 1 for GPS fixes and 0 for random locations, Grassland = binary variable with 1 if location occurred in grassland and 0 if not, Bushland-1 = binary variable, Bushland-2 = binary variable, Bushland-3 = binary variable, Woodland = binary variable, Wooded Bushland = binary variable (reference category). |

Download | RSF_Lions.txt (8.826 Mb) |

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Title | RSF_Zebras |
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Downloaded | 4 times |

Description | Data used to asses habitat selection function of zebras (RSF). Column headings: Id = id of zebra, DateTime = local date and time of the GPS fixes of zebras, Year = year, isNight = binary variable indicating if GPS fixes occurred at nighttime (1) or daytime (0), DistWater = distance to artificial waterhole in km, Case = binary response with 1 for GPS fixes and 0 for random locations, Grassland = binary variable with 1 if location occurred in grassland and 0 if not, Bushland-1 = binary variable, Bushland-2 = binary variable, Bushland-3 = binary variable, Woodland = binary variable, Wooded Bushland = binary variable (reference category). |

Download | RSF_Zebras.txt (22.40 Mb) |

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Title | SSF_DelayedFlight_Immediately |
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Downloaded | 6 times |

Description | Data used to asses the step selection function (SSF) of zebras using the delayed-flight tactic immediately after an encounter with lions (question 4). Column headings: id = id of zebra, FakeTime = 2-case, case = binary variable with 1 for an observed step and 0 for a random step, strata = id of the stratum where an observed step is paired with 10 random steps, TacticCont = categorical variable indicating if the step occurred after an encounter ("Tactic") or during the proactive phase ("Control"), Grassland = binary variable with 1 if the step ended in grassland and 0 if not, Bushland-1 = binary variable, Bushland-2 = binary variable, Bushland-3 = binary variable, Woodland = binary variable, Spline1-4 = spline variable for step length in m, StepLength = length of the step in m. |

Download | SSF_DelayedFlight_Immediately.txt (1.139 Mb) |

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Title | SSF_ImmediateFlight_Immediately |
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Downloaded | 7 times |

Description | Data used to asses the step selection function (SSF) of zebras using the immediate-flight tactic immediately after an encounter with lions (question 4). Column headings: id = id of zebra, FakeTime = 2-case, case = binary variable with 1 for an observed step and 0 for a random step, strata = id of the stratum where an observed step is paired with 10 random steps, TacticCont = categorical variable indicating if the step occurred after an encounter ("Tactic") or during the proactive phase ("Control"), Grassland = binary variable with 1 if the step ended in grassland and 0 if not, Bushland-1 = binary variable, Bushland-2 = binary variable, Bushland-3 = binary variable, Woodland = binary variable, Spline1-4 = spline variable for step length in m, Step Length = length of the step in m. |

Download | SSF_ImmediateFlight_Immediately.txt (883.1 Kb) |

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Title | SSF_DelayedFlight_NextDay |
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Downloaded | 4 times |

Description | Data used to asses the step selection function (SSF) of zebras using the delayed-flight tactic the next day after an encounter with lions (question 4). Column headings: id = id of zebra, FakeTime = 2-case, case = binary variable with 1 for an observed step and 0 for a random step, strata = id of the stratum where an observed step is paired with 10 random steps, cluster = id of the cluster (group of non independent strata) used for robust variance, TacticCont = categorical variable indicating if the step occurred after an encounter ("Tactic") or during the proactive phase ("Control"), Grassland = binary variable with 1 if the step ended in grassland and 0 if not, Bushland-1 = binary variable, Bushland-2 = binary variable, Bushland-3 = binary variable, Woodland = binary variable, Spline1-4 = spline variable for step length in m, Step Length = length of the step in m. |

Download | SSF_DelayedFlight_NextDay.txt (15.39 Mb) |

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Title | SSF_DelayedFlight_NextNight |
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Downloaded | 5 times |

Description | Data used to asses the step selection function (SSF) of zebras using the delayed-flight tactic the next night after an encounter with lions (question 4). Column headings: id = id of zebra, FakeTime = 2-case, case = binary variable with 1 for an observed step and 0 for a random step, strata = id of the stratum where an observed step is paired with 10 random steps, cluster = id of the cluster (group of non independent strata) used for robust variance, TacticCont = categorical variable indicating if the step occurred after an encounter ("Tactic") or during the proactive phase ("Control"), Grassland = binary variable with 1 if the step ended in grassland and 0 if not, Bushland-1 = binary variable, Bushland-2 = binary variable, Bushland-3 = binary variable, Woodland = binary variable, Spline1-4 = spline variable for step length in m, Step Length = length of the step in m. |

Download | SSF_DelayedFlight_NextNight.txt (14.55 Mb) |

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Title | SSF_ImmediateFlight_NextDay |
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Downloaded | 4 times |

Description | Data used to asses the step selection function (SSF) of zebras using the immediate-flight tactic the next day after an encounter with lions (question 4). Column headings: id = id of zebra, FakeTime = 2-case, case = binary variable with 1 for an observed step and 0 for a random step, strata = id of the stratum where an observed step is paired with 10 random steps, cluster = id of the cluster (group of non independent strata) used for robust variance, TacticCont = categorical variable indicating if the step occurred after an encounter ("Tactic") or during the proactive phase ("Control"), Grassland = binary variable with 1 if the step ended in grassland and 0 if not, Bushland-1 = binary variable, Bushland-2 = binary variable, Bushland-3 = binary variable, Woodland = binary variable, Spline1-4 = spline variable for step length in m, Step Length = length of the step in m. |

Download | SSF_ImmediateFlight_NextDay.txt (11.99 Mb) |

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Title | SSF_ImmediateFlight_NextNight |
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Downloaded | 4 times |

Description | Data used to asses the step selection function (SSF) of zebras using the immediate-flight tactic the next night after an encounter with lions (question 4). Column headings: id = id of zebra, FakeTime = 2-case, case = binary variable with 1 for an observed step and 0 for a random step, strata = id of the stratum where an observed step is paired with 10 random steps, cluster = id of the cluster (group of non independent strata) used for robust variance, TacticCont = categorical variable indicating if the step occurred after an encounter ("Tactic") or during the proactive phase ("Control"), Grassland = binary variable with 1 if the step ended in grassland and 0 if not, Bushland-1 = binary variable, Bushland-2 = binary variable, Bushland-3 = binary variable, Woodland = binary variable, Spline1-4 = spline variable for step length in m, Step Length = length of the step in m. |

Download | SSF_ImmediateFlight_NextNight.txt (10.97 Mb) |

Details | View File Details |

When using this data, please cite the original publication:

Courbin N, Loveridge AJ, Macdonald DW, Fritz H, Valeix M, Makuwe ET, Chamaillé-Jammes S (2015) Reactive responses of zebras to lion encounters shape their predator-prey space game at large scale. Oikos 125(6): 829-838. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/oik.02555

Additionally, please cite the Dryad data package:

Courbin N, Loveridge AJ, Macdonald DW, Fritz H, Valeix M, Makuwe ET, Chamaillé-Jammes S (2015) Data from: Reactive responses of zebras to lion encounters shape their predator-prey space game at large scale. Dryad Digital Repository.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.tn20t

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