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1. A Bayesian extension of phylogenetic generalized least squares (PGLS): incorporating uncertainty in the comparative study of trait relationships and evolutionary rates
2019. Fuentes González, Jesualdo Arturo, Polly, P. David, and Martins, Emília P. Phylogenetic comparative methods use tree topology, branch lengths, and models of phenotypic change to take into account non-independence in statis... Evolution. University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Indiana University Bloomington, and Arizona State University.
2020. Matsuo, Takashi, Minekawa, Kazuyoshi, and Amino, Kai. Females of many animal species mate several times with different males (polyandry), whereas females of some species mate with a single male (monand... Evolution. The University of Tokyo*.
2021. Fabbri, Matteo, Navalón, Guillermo, Mongiardino Koch, Nicolás, Hanson, Michael, Petermann, Holger, and Bhullar, Bhart-Anjan. Sauropod dinosaurs include the largest terrestrial vertebrates that have ever lived. Virtually every part of the sauropod body is heavily modified ... Evolution. Yale University, University of Oxford, and Denver Museum of Nature and Science.
4. Adaptation across geographic ranges is consistent with strong selection in marginal climates and legacies of range expansion
2021. Bontrager, Megan, Usui, Takuji, Lee-Yaw, Julie, Anstett, Daniel, Branch, Haley, Hargreaves, Anna, Muir, Christopher, and Angert, Amy. Every species experiences limits to its geographic distribution. Some evolutionary models predict that populations at range edges are less well-ada... Evolution. University of Toronto, University of British Columbia, University of Lethbridge, McGill University, and University of Hawaii System.
2020. Bachmann, Judith C. and Van Buskirk, Josh. We performed a reciprocal transplant experiment to estimate “parallel” adaptation to elevation and “unique” adaptation to local sites at the same e... Evolution. University of Zurich.
6. Adaptation to herbivory and detritivory drives the convergent evolution of large abdominal cavities in a diverse freshwater fish radiation (Otophysi: Characiformes)
2020. Burns, Michael. Convergent evolution is often interpreted as evidence of natural selection favoring an optimal phenotype during adaptation. Morphological convergen... Evolution. Cornell University.
7. Age- and sex-dependent variation in relatedness corresponds to reproductive skew, territory inheritance and workload in cooperatively breeding cichlids
2021. Josi, Dario, Heg, Dik, Takeyama, Tomohiro, Bonfils, Danielle, Konovalov, Dmitry A., Frommen, Joachim G., Kohda, Masanori, and Taborsky, Michael. Kin selection plays a major role in the evolution of cooperative systems. However, many social species exhibit complex within-group relatedness str... Evolution. University of Bern, Okayama University of Science, James Cook University, Manchester Metropolitan University, and Osaka City University.
8. Allometry constrains the evolution of sexual dimorphism in Drosophila across 33 million years of divergence
2021. Sztepanacz, Jacqueline and Houle, David. Sexual dimorphism is widely viewed as adaptive, reflecting the evolution of males and females towards divergent fitness optima. Its evolution, how... Evolution. University of Toronto and Florida State University.
9. An interaction between host and microbe genotypes determines colonization success of a key bumble bee gut microbiota member
2019. Sauers, Logan and Sadd, Ben Michael. There has been a proliferation of studies demonstrating an organism’s health is influenced by its microbiota. However, factors influencing benefici... Evolution. Illinois State University.
10. Anuran limbs reflect microhabitat and distal, later-developing bones are more evolutionarily labile
2020. Stepanova, Natasha and Womack, Molly C. Tetrapod limbs have been used as a model system to investigate how selective pressures and constraints shape morphological evolution. Anurans have ... Evolution. Museum of Vertebrate Zoology and National Museum of Natural History.