Data from: Quantifying human presence in a heterogeneous urban landscape
Corsini, Michela; Marrot, Pascal; Szulkin, Marta (2019), Data from: Quantifying human presence in a heterogeneous urban landscape, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.08p2s85
Humans are a keystone species in urban ecosystems. Although the impact of human activities is increasingly reported in behavioural and evolutionary ecology, little is known about the effects of physical human presence per se. Of particular relevance is the extent to which human presence (sometimes referred to as human disturbance), is repeatable across the urban mosaic over time. We quantified human presence at fixed locations - here in a 15 meters radius of great tit nestboxes – within 6 urban and suburban study sites. While overall human presence did not differ between urban sites, it was significantly higher than in the suburban village. Moreover, considerable variance between fixed locations was observed within each site. We reported overall high repeatability of human presence for all sites (0.57 < R < 0.88, mean: 0.76, median: 0.77). We further simulated datasets of human presence made of an increasing number of counts, and demonstrated that 10 counts of human presence (each 30-seconds long) made at each fixed location can generate a highly reliable indicator of human presence (R ≥ 0.6) for any urban site. We thus confirm that human presence is repeatable across the urban mosaic, thereby offering consistent cues to urban wildlife of human presence or absence in space and time. Importantly, our approach of human presence quantification allows for an effort-efficient approach to understand the effects of physical human presence at designated temporal timeframes, thereby allowing to reliably test the effects of human presence on the behaviour and ecology of urban wildlife.