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Twitter data reveal six distinct environmental personas


Chang, Charlotte; Armsworth, Paul; Masuda, Yuta (2022), Twitter data reveal six distinct environmental personas, Dryad, Dataset,



Effective digital environmental communication is integral to galvanizing public support for conservation in the age of social media. Environmental advocates require messaging strategies suited to social media platforms, including ways to identify, target, and mobilize distinct audiences. Here, we provide – to the best of our knowledge – the first systematic characterization of environmental personas on social media. Beginning with 1 million environmental nongovernmental organization (NGO) followers on Twitter, of which 500,000 users met data quality criteria, we identified six personas that differ in their expression of 21 environmental issues. General consistency in the proportional composition of personas was detected across 14 countries with sufficiently large samples. Within the US, although the six personas varied in their mean political ideology, we did not observe that the personas split along political party lines. Our results pave the way for environmental advocates – including NGOs, public agencies, and researchers – to use audience segmentation methods like the one discussed here to target and tailor messages to distinct constituencies at speed and scale. This repository contains several tabular files that can be used to query user data from Twitter or reproduce the main results in the main text of the article. Please see the README.txt or file for more details.




Please see the main text of the article and Supplementary Information for more details on how the data were gathered and processed.

Usage notes

These data may only be used for publically accessible research and may not be used for private, for-profit use.


David H. Smith Conservation Research Fellowship Program