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Data from: A case of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis with multiple drug resistance and high expression of efflux transporters


Yoshida, Tomohiko et al. (2020), Data from: A case of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis with multiple drug resistance and high expression of efflux transporters, Dryad, Dataset,



Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is the most common cause of hypothyroidism. Patients usually respond well to oral synthetic thyroxine (levothyroxine); however, for unknown reasons some individuals present with treatment-resistant Hashimoto thyroiditis. In cases of cancer and certain infectious diseases, the ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters have been implicated in multidrug resistance, and we hypothesized and investigated a role of ABC transporters in drug-resistant Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

Case Description

The patient whose case we report had a history of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, immune thrombocytopenia, and refractory hypertension, with varying treatment resistance to the oral medications prescribed for each condition. In order to establish or exclude a genetic basis for her illness, we examined the patient’s gene expression profiles using peripheral blood leukocytes, and found that ABCG2/BCRPexpression was significantly high compared with healthy volunteers. Also, the increased daunomycin efflux capacity of our patient’s lymphocytes was successfully inhibited by fumitremorgin C, a specific ABCG2/BCRP inhibitor, and the patient’s level of thyroid-stimulating hormone increased by 248.6% after administration of intact levothyroxine tablets but decreased by 45.1% when tablets were crushed. Her average blood pressure decreased from 166.3/108.5 mmHg to 125.9/78.8 mmHg when switching from intact to crushed losartan tablets.


High expression and accelerated efflux transporter activity of ABCG2/BCRP in the small intestine are expected to contribute to the ineffectiveness of orally administered intact tablets in cases with treatment-resistant Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, and crushed tablets can be more effective for some of these patients.

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