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Cohesin depleted cells rebuild functional nuclear compartments after endomitosis


Cremer, Marion et al. (2020), Cohesin depleted cells rebuild functional nuclear compartments after endomitosis, Dryad, Dataset,


Cohesin plays an essential role in chromatin loop extrusion, but its impact on a compartmentalized nuclear architecture is debatable. Using live-cell and super-resolved 3D microscopy, we demonstrate that cohesin-depleted cells pass through an endomitosis and rebuild a single multilobulated nucleus (MLN) with chromosome territories (CTs) pervaded by interchromatin channels. CTs contain chromatin domain clusters with a zonal organization of repressed chromatin domains in the interior and transcriptionally competent domains located at the periphery. Splicing speckles are located nearby within the lining channel system. These clusters form microscopically defined, active and inactive compartments, which correspond to A and B compartments, respectively, in ensemble Hi-C. Functionality of MLN despite continuous absence of cohesin was demonstrated by their ability to pass through S-phase with typical spatio-temporal patterns of replication domains. Evidence for structural changes of these domains compared to controls suggests that cohesin is required for their full integrity.


Unprocessed raw data

Chromatin compaction classes processed according to Schmid et al., 2017

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