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Utilizing Highway Rest Areas for Electric Vehicle Charging: Economics and Impacts of Renewable Energy Penetration in California

Citation

Kiani, Behdad; Ogden, Joan; Sheldon, F. Alex; Cordano, Lauren (2020), Utilizing Highway Rest Areas for Electric Vehicle Charging: Economics and Impacts of Renewable Energy Penetration in California, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.25338/B8402G

Abstract

California policy is incentivizing rapid adoption of zero emission electric vehicles for light duty and freight applications. In this project, we explored how locating charging facilities at California’s highway rest stops, might impact electricity demand, grid operation, and integration of renewables like solar and wind into California’s energy mix.   Assuming a growing population of electric vehicles to meet state goals, we estimated state-wide growth of electricity demand, and identified the most attractive rest stop locations for siting chargers. Using a California-specific electricity dispatch model developed at ITS, we estimated how charging vehicles at these stations would impact renewable energy curtailment in California. We estimated the impacts of charging infrastructures on California’s electricity system and how they can be utilized to decrease the duck curve effect resulting from a large amount of solar energy penetration by 2050.

Funding

National Center for Sustainable Transportation / Caltrans, Award: USDOT Grant 69A3551747114