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PffBT4T

Citation

Dantanarayana, Varuni (2018), PffBT4T, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.25338/B8BG6P

Abstract

Conformational and energetic disorder in organic semiconductors reduces charge and exciton transport because of the structural defects, thus reducing the efficiency in devices such as organic photovoltaics and organic light-emitting diodes. The main structural heterogeneity is because of the twisting of the polymer backbone that occurs even in polymers that are mostly crystalline. Here, we explore the relationship between polymer backbone twisting and exciton delocalization by means of transient absorption spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations. We study the PffBT4T-2DT polymer which has exhibited even higher device efficiency with nonfullerene acceptors than the current record breaking PCE11 polymer. We determine the driving force for planarization of a polymer chain caused by excitation. The methodology is generally applicable and demonstrates a higher penalty for nonplanar structures in the excited state than in the ground state. This study highlights the morphological and electronic changes in conjugated polymers that are brought about by excitation.