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Experience-dependent plasticity modulates ongoing activity in the antennal lobe and enhances odor representations

Citation

Franco, Luis; Yaksi, Emre (2022), Experience-dependent plasticity modulates ongoing activity in the antennal lobe and enhances odor representations, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.25349/D95S4J

Abstract

Ongoing neural activity has been observed across several brain regions and is thought to reflect the internal state of the brain. Yet, it is important to understand how ongoing neural activity interacts with sensory experience, and shapes sensory representations. Here, we show that projection neurons of the fruit fly antennal lobe exhibit spatiotemporally organized ongoing activity. After repeated exposure to odors, we observe a gradual and cumulative decrease in the amplitude and number of calcium events occurring in the absence of odor stimulation, as well as a reorganization of correlations between olfactory glomeruli. Accompanying these plastic changes, we find that repeated odor experience reduces trial-to-trial variability and enhances the specificity of odor representations. Our results reveal an odor experience-dependent modulation of ongoing and sensory-evoked activity at peripheral levels of the fruit fly olfactory system.

Methods

The methods for data collection and processing are described in the associated manuscript.

Funding

European Research Council, Award: 335561

Norges Forskningsråd, Award: 314212

VIB International PhD Program in Life Sciences