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Supporting information for: Comprehensive high‐precision relocation of seismicity on the Island of Hawai‘i 1986–2018: seismicity animations

Citation

Matoza, Robin; Okubo, Paul; Shearer, Peter (2021), Supporting information for: Comprehensive high‐precision relocation of seismicity on the Island of Hawai‘i 1986–2018: seismicity animations, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.25349/D9P89X

Abstract

Abundant seismicity beneath the the Island of Hawai‘i from mantle depths to the surface plays a central role in understanding how volcanoes work, grow, and evolve at this intraplate oceanic hotspot. We perform systematic waveform cross‐correlation, cluster analysis, and relative relocation of 347,445 events representing 32 years of seismicity on and around the island from 1986 to 2018. We successfully relocate 275,009 (79%) events using ∼1.7 billion differential times (P aicnd S) from ∼128 million similar‐event pairs. The results reveal a dramatic sharpening of seismicity along faults, streaks, rings, rift zones, magma pathways, and mantle fault zones; seismicity delineating crustal detachments on the flanks of Kīlauea and Mauna Loa is particularly well‐resolved. The resulting high‐precision spatio‐temporal image of seismicity captures almost the entire 1983–2018 Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō‐Kūpaianaha eruption of Kīlauea with its numerous distinct episodes and wide‐ranging activity, culminating in the 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption and summit collapse.

Funding

National Science Foundation, Award: EAR-1446543