Data from: Genetic and phenotypic differentiation among Galaxias maculatus populations in a Patagonian postglacial lake system
Carrea, Cecilia, Dalhousie University
Barriga, Juan P., National Scientific and Technical Research Council
Cussac, Victor E., National Scientific and Technical Research Council
Ruzzante, Daniel E., Dalhousie University
Published May 15, 2012 on Dryad.
Cite this dataset
Carrea, Cecilia; Barriga, Juan P.; Cussac, Victor E.; Ruzzante, Daniel E. (2012). Data from: Genetic and phenotypic differentiation among Galaxias maculatus populations in a Patagonian postglacial lake system [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.0578v
Understanding the influence of landscape features on population differentiation is fundamental to evolutionary biology studies. We examined spatial patterns of genetic and phenotypic variability among Galaxias maculatus populations in a complex of four postglacial lakes in northwestern Patagonia differing in size and connectivity among them. A hierarchical Bayesian analysis grouped the individuals collected from 11 localities into 3 genetic clusters, first defining the populations of the two large lakes and separating the two small lakes in subsequent analysis. Genetic structuring was restricted within large lakes. It is known that the larval stage of Galaxias maculatus migrate to the limnetic zone of Patagonian lakes, possibly exerting an homogenizing effect on gene flow within lakes. Gene flow asymmetry and divergences among lakes can be explained by a combination of landscape characteristics and the presence of predators in the short streams that connect them. Individuals from the small lakes are the most divergent morphologically and genetically. The population in the isolated Redonda Lake, exhibit meristic differences as well, suggesting strong drift and environmental effects. This population is likely to have been isolated following the decline in water level of a paleolake that existed in this region approximately 13.2 kya BP.