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Data: Sexual selection increased offspring production via evolution of male and female traits

Citation

Kyogoku, Daisuke; Sota, Teiji (2020), Data: Sexual selection increased offspring production via evolution of male and female traits, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.05qfttf1r

Abstract

Phenotypic evolution driven by sexual selection can impact the fitness of individuals and thus population performance through multiple mechanisms, but it is unresolved how and when sexual selection affects offspring production by females.We examined the effects of sexual selection on offspring production by females using replicated experimental evolutionary lines of Callosobruchus chinensis that were kept under polygamy (with sexual selection) or monogamy (without sexual selection) for 21 generations. We found that polygamous-line pairs produced more offspring than monogamous-line pairs, because polygamous-line beetles evolved to be larger than monogamous-line beetles, and larger females were more fecund. Egg hatchability did not differ between polygamous- and monogamous-line pairs, as a result of the positive and negative effects of sexual selection cancelling out. When mated with an individual from a common tester line, both polygamous-line females and males showed higher hatchability in resultant eggs than monogamous ones. Further, cohabitation with a male reduced egg hatchability, and this effect was more pronounced in polygamous- than in monogamous-line males. These results demonstrate multiple mechanisms by which sexual selection affects female fitness, with the net effect being positive. Analyses of how development time, body size and male genital morphology were influenced by selection regime suggest that these results arose from both evolution via good-gene processes and sexually antagonistic selection. Our results are also consistent with the hypothesis that the fitness consequences of sexual selection for females are dependent on the evolutionary history of the population.

Methods

A seed beetle species, Callosobruchus chinensis, was subjected to 21 generations of experimental evolution; three evolutionary lines evolved under lifelong monogamy, whereas the other three lines evolved under polygamy. Evolutionary changes in body size, developmental time, male genital morphology, and offspring production are examined.

Funding

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Award: 13J01115