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Data from: First report of ostracods (Crustacea) associated with Bithynian (Anisian, Middle Triassic) Tubiphytes-microbial reef in the North Dobrogean Orogen (Romania)

Citation

Forel, Marie-Beatrice; Grădinaru, Eugen (2018), Data from: First report of ostracods (Crustacea) associated with Bithynian (Anisian, Middle Triassic) Tubiphytes-microbial reef in the North Dobrogean Orogen (Romania), Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.07668

Abstract

The Mahmudia Quarry is located in the North Dobrogean Orogen (Romania), representing the western tip of the Palaeotethys-issued Cimmeride Orogenic System. One sample from the Tubiphytes-microbial reef exposed in the quarry yielded an abundant well-preserved ostracod assemblage of Bithynian, early Middle Anisian, Middle Triassic age. We report the occurrence of 56 ostracod species distributed among 23 genera. Ten species are newly described: Acratia caeracella sp. nov., Bairdia mandruella sp. nov., B. liviae sp. nov., Hungarella mahmudiaensis sp. nov., Kempfina tineriella sp. nov., Liuzhinia antalyaformis sp. nov., L. bithynica sp. nov., L. edvardgriegi sp. nov., Microcheilinella contrariella sp. nov., Paracypris oanaella sp. nov. One species is renamed, Bairdia monostorii nom. nov. and the diagnosis of the genus Palaeocypridina is emended to include the central muscle scars pattern. The Tubiphytes ecosystem is a complex with a multi-layer food chain as shown by the presence of diversified carnivorous nekton-benthic ostracods, being both preys and predators of other organisms. The palaeoenvironmental requirements of the main ostracod taxa indicate a deposition in an open marine environment, on the outer platform-upper slope zone, in accordance with information provided by other proxies. We discuss the relationship of ostracods and microbial mats during the Triassic and conclude that the composition of assemblages are rather related both to the characteristics of this chemosynthetically-driven habitat and to bathymetry. However, some taxa, such as the genus Liuzhinia, are typical of Triassic microbial ecosystems. We perform the first analysis of ostracods provincialism during the Anisian and identify a distinct peri-Palaeo-Tethyan province.

Usage Notes

Location

Romania
North Dobrogea