Data from: Fisher’s geometrical model and the mutational patterns of antibiotic resistance across dose gradients
Harmand, Noémie et al. (2016), Data from: Fisher’s geometrical model and the mutational patterns of antibiotic resistance across dose gradients, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.07850
Fisher's geometrical model (FGM) has been widely used to depict the fitness effects of mutations. It is a general model with few underlying assumptions that gives a large and comprehensive view of adaptive processes. It is thus attractive in several situations, e.g. adaptation to antibiotics, but comes with limitations, so that more mechanistic approaches are often preferred to interpret experimental data. It might be possible however to extend FGM assumptions to better account for mutational data. This is theoretically challenging in the context of antibiotic resistance because resistance mutations are assumed to be rare. In this paper, we show with Escherichia coli how the fitness effects of resistance mutations screened at different doses of nalidixic acid vary across a dose-gradient. We found experimental patterns qualitatively consistent with the basic FGM (rate of resistance across doses, gamma distributed costs) but also unexpected patterns such as a decreasing mean cost of resistance with increasing screen-dose. We show how different extensions involving mutational modules and variations in trait covariance across environments, can be discriminated based on these data. Overall, simple extensions of the FGM accounted well for complex mutational effects of resistance mutation across antibiotic doses.