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Geographic patterns of Lucanus (Coleoptera: Lucanidae) species diversity and its environmental determinants in China

Citation

Chen, Dan (2021), Geographic patterns of Lucanus (Coleoptera: Lucanidae) species diversity and its environmental determinants in China, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.08kprr4zx

Abstract

Clarifying the geographic patterns of species diversity and the determinant factors can provide essential information for species conservation and management. Stag beetles (Coleoptera: Lucanidae) of Lucanus are important saproxylic insects and can be used for biomonitoring forests. Most of Lucanus species are facing conservation concerns due to their limited distribution and fragmented habitats, particularly in China, which has the richest species diversity of this genus. The distribution patterns of species diversity of Lucanus at large spatial scales remains portly understood. We studied the distribution patterns of Lucanus and its environmental and geographical determinants in China. Distribution data for 72 species and subspecies were examined. All these species are distributed in southern China except for Lucanus maculifemoratus dybowskyi, which is mainly distributed in north China. The hotspot for Lucanus in China is south-eastern Tibet. Our study indicated that the species richness of Lucanus in China was shaped by the precipitation of the wettest and driest month, net primary productivity, digital elevation model and latitude at a large scale. These variables collectively explained 56.2% of the variation in species richness; precipitation contributed the most (44.1%). Our results provide valuable insights to improve the conservation of Lucanus and can contribute to furthering our understanding of the biogeography of stag beetles in China.

Methods

The dataset contain distribution information of Lucanus species in China.