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Data from: Presence of same-sex kin promotes explorative behavior in subadult cichlid fish

Citation

Vitt, Simon; Madge Pimentel, Iris; Thünken, Timo (2020), Data from: Presence of same-sex kin promotes explorative behavior in subadult cichlid fish, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.0gb5mkkxn

Abstract

While the importance of kin discrimination, i.e. kin recognition and subsequent differential treatment of kin and non-kin, is well established for kin-directed cooperation or altruism, the role of kin discrimination in the context of kin competition and kin avoidance is largely unexplored. Theory predicts that individuals avoiding competition with kin should be favored by natural selection due to indirect fitness benefits. Using an experimental approach, we investigated whether the presence of same-sex kin affects avoidance and explorative behavior in subadult Pelvicachromis taeniatus, a West African cichlid fish with strong intra-sexual competition in both sexes. P. taeniatus is capable of recognizing kin using phenotype matching and shows kin discrimination in diverse contexts. When exposed to a same-sex conspecific, both males and females tended to interact less with the related opponent. Moreover, individuals explored a novel environment faster after exposure to kin than to nonkin. This effect was more pronounced in females. Individuals avoiding the proximity of same-sex relatives may reduce kin competition over resources such as mating partners or food.

Funding

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Award: TH 1615/3-1