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Fitness of gnotobiotic Rhodnius prolixus nymphs

Citation

Vogel, Kevin et al. (2022), Fitness of gnotobiotic Rhodnius prolixus nymphs , Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.0zpc86714

Abstract

Kissing bugs (Hempitera: Reduviidae) are obligately and exclusively blood feeding insects. Vertebrate blood is thought to provide insufficient B vitamins to insects, which rely on obligate symbiotic relationships with bacteria that provision these nutrients. Kissing bugs harbor environmentally acquired bacteria in their gut lumen, without which they are unable to develop to adulthood. Early experiments identified a single bacterial species, Rhodococcus rhodnii, as a symbiont of Rhodnius prolixus, but modern studies of the kissing bug microbiome suggest that R. rhodnii is not always present or abundant in wild-caught individuals. We asked whether R. rhodnii or other bacteria alone could function as symbionts of R. prolixus. Bacteria-free (axenic) insects were produced whose microbiome could be experimentally manipulated to produce insects with known microbiomes (gnotobiotic). We found that gnotobiotic insects harboring R. rhodnii alone developed faster, had higher survival, and laid more eggs than gnotobiotic R. prolixus harboring other bacterial monocultures, including other described symbionts of kissing bugs and several related Rhodococcus species. R. rhodnii grew to high titer in the guts of R. prolixus while other tested species were found at much lower abundance. Rhodococcus species tested had nearly identical B vitamin biosynthesis genes, and dietary supplementation of B vitamins had a relatively minor effect on development and survival of gnotobiotic R. prolixus. Our results indicate that R. prolixus have a higher fitness when harboring R. rhodnii than other bacteria tested, and that symbiont B vitamin synthesis is likely a necessary but not sufficient function of gut bacteria in kissing bugs.

Methods

Data were collected by observation of nymphs, counting deposition of eggs, and qPCR of bacterial DNA extracted from insects. 

Usage Notes

All data should be viewable in a text editor. Data were analyzed with R.