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Dryad

Climate regulates the effect of land-use change on the diversity of soil microbial functional groups and soil multifunctionality

Cite this dataset

Zhou, Xuan et al. (2024). Climate regulates the effect of land-use change on the diversity of soil microbial functional groups and soil multifunctionality [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.0zpc8674h

Abstract

Although studies have explored how soil microbial diversity and soil multifunctionality respond to land-use change at local scales, they have rarely been explored at larger scales and across different climatic and soil environmental conditions.

By sampling 40 paired sites of land-use change from natural forests to agricultural lands (including croplands and orchards) along the middle and lower Yangtze River, combined with a global meta-analysis, we investigated the effects of land-use change and climate on the alpha and beta diversity of soil bacterial and fungal functional groups (FGs) and their associated soil multifunctionality at a regional scale.

Our results showed that land-use change strongly changed the diversity of soil bacterial and fungal FGs and decreased multifunctionality, which was supported by our meta-analysis at a global scale. Direct effects of land-use change and climate and their interaction, together with changes in soil environmental variables, were the main determinants of the land-use change-induced changes in the diversity of soil bacterial or fungal FGs. The land-use change-induced decrease in multifunctionality was mainly associated with the direct effect of forest conversion, soil fertility, and diversity of fungal FGs. Furthermore, climate also regulated the effects of land-use change on multifunctionality by affecting soil fertility and fungal FGs diversity along the Yangtze River.

Synthesis and applications. Taken together, our findings highlight the important effects of land-use change, climate, and their interactions on microbial diversity and multifunctionality, and suggest that effective land-use management and climate change mitigation strategies should be adopted to protect biodiversity and ecosystem function in the Yangtze River Basin.

README: Climate regulates the effect of land-use change on the diversity of soil microbial functional groups and soil multifunctionality

Data.xlsx

Dataset from the middle and lower Yangtze River. The dataset contains 69 variables used in this manuscript. NA in the dataset indicates missing data for relevant variable.

Column Units Description
Sample -- -- Unique ID for each sample
Plot -- Unique ID for each plot in site
Site -- Study site
Block -- Unique ID for each block in site
Land_use F = Natural forest; A = Agricultural land Land use types
S_N N = North; S = South The south and north banks of the Yangtze River
FC 0 = Natural forest; 1 = Agricultural land Forest conversion
Lat °N Latitude for site
Long °E Longitude for site
Alt m Altitude for site
MAT °C Mean annual temperature
MAP mm Mean annual precipitation
SM % Soil moisture
Soil_pH -- Soil pH
TIN mg kg-1 Total inorganic nitrogen
SOC g kg-1 Soil organic carbon
TSN g kg-1 Total soil nitrogen
TSP g kg-1 Total soil phosphorus
Ba_richness -- Richness of soil bacteria
Ba_beta -- β-diversity of soil bacteria
BaC_richness -- Richness of C-cycle bacteria
BaC_abundance -- Relative abundance of C-cycle bacteria
BaC_beta -- β-diversity of C-cycle bacteria
BaN_richness -- Richness of N-cycle bacteria
BaN_abundance -- Relative abundance of N-cycle bacteria
BaN_beta -- β-diversity of N-cycle bacteria
Fu_richness -- Richness of soil fungi
Fu_beta -- β-diversity of soil fungi
MF_richness -- Richness of mycorrhizal fungi
MF_abundance -- Relative abundance of mycorrhizal fungi
MF_beta -- β-diversity of mycorrhizal fungi
PP_richness -- Richness of plant pathogenic fungi
PP_abundance -- Relative abundance of plant pathogenic fungi
PP_beta -- β-diversity of plant pathogenic fungi
SS_richness -- Richness of soil saprotroph fungi
SS_abundance -- Relative abundance of soil saprotroph fungi
SS_beta -- β-diversity of soil saprotroph fungi
LW_richness -- Richness of soil litter-wood saprotroph fungi
LW_abundance -- Relative abundance of litter-wood saprotroph fungi
LW_beta -- β-diversity of litter-wood saprotroph fungi
Cmin mg kg-1 day-1 Soil carbon mineralization
Nmin mg kg-1 day-1 Soil nitrogen mineralization
S_NAG μmol g-1 day-1 Soil N-acetyl-β-D-glucosidase
S_GC μmol g-1 day-1 Solid-β-Glucosidase
S_LAP μmol g-1 min-1 Soil leucine aminopepyidase
S_ACP μmol g-1 day-1 Soil acid phosphatase
Multi_average -- Average of ecosystem multifunctionality
Multi_T50 -- 50% threshold  of ecosystem multifunctionality
Multi_T55 -- 55% threshold  of ecosystem multifunctionality
Multi_T60 -- 60% threshold  of ecosystem multifunctionality
Multi_T65 -- 65% threshold  of ecosystem multifunctionality
Multi_T70 -- 70% threshold  of ecosystem multifunctionality
Multi_T75 -- 75% threshold  of ecosystem multifunctionality
Multi_T80 -- 80% threshold  of ecosystem multifunctionality
Geo_PC1 -- Geography,  first axis of the Lat and Long
Climate_PC1 -- Climate,  first axis of the PCA on MAT and MAP
SE_PC1 -- Soil enviroment,  first axis of the PCA on SM, Soil pH and TIN
SF_PC1 -- Soil fertility,  first axis of the PCA on SOC, TSN, and TSP
BaC_PC1 -- C-cycle bacteria,  first axis of the PCA on BaC_richness, BaC_abundance and BaC_beta
BaN_PC1 -- N-cycle bacteria,  first axis of the PCA on BaN_richness, BaN_abundance and BaN_beta
MF_PC1 -- Mycorrhizal fungi, first axis of the PCA on MF_richness, MF_abundance and MF_beta
PP_PC1 -- Plant pathogenic fungi, first axis of the PCA on PP_richness, PP_abundance and PP_beta
SS_PC1 -- Soil saprotroph fungi, first axis of the PCA on SS_richness, SS_abundance and SS_beta
LW_PC1 -- Litter-wood saprotroph fungi, first axis of the PCA on LW_richness, LW_abundance and LW_beta
BacF_PC1 -- Bacterial functional group, first axis of the PCA on the BaC_richness, BaC_abundance, BaC_beta, BaN_richness, BaN_abundance, BaN_beta
FunF_PC1 -- Fungal functional group, first axis of the PCA on MF_richness, MF_abundance, MF_beta, PP_richness, PP_abundance, PP_beta, SS_richness, SS_abundance, SS_beta, LW_richness, LW_abundance and LW_beta
Group1 -- Grouping in plotting
Group2 -- Grouping in plotting

Data_meta.csv

Dataset of global meta-analysis. The dataset content 21 variables used in this manuscript. NA in the dataset indicate missing data for relevant variable.

Column Units Description
ID -- Number of each data
Title -- Title of the paper
Author -- Author of the paper
Study_site -- Study site
Study -- The number of study site
Lat ° Latitude for site
Long ° Longitude for site
type_control  -- Land use type of control parcel
type_treatment -- Land use type of treatment parcel
Land_use_control  F=Natural forest Land use type of control parcel
Land_use_treament A=Agricultural land Land use type of treatment parcel
Xc -- Mean value of control group
Sc -- Standard error of control group
Nc -- Sample size of the control group
Xt -- Mean value of treatment group
St -- Standard error of treatment group
Nt -- Sample size of the treatment group
Trait -- Soil microbial functional groups
yi -- Response ratios
Wr -- Weights

Code/Software

Any scripts,code, packages can be run using R version 4.2.1 (R Core Team, 2022). Code is uploaded as code.txt.

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 42177272

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 31570450

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 32201314