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Data from: Strong population genetic structure of an invasive species, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier), in southern China

Citation

Wang, Guihua et al. (2018), Data from: Strong population genetic structure of an invasive species, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier), in southern China, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.11733

Abstract

The red palm weevil (RPW), Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier), was initially reported in China in the 1990s and is now considered one of the most successful invasive pests of palm plants in the country. A total of 14 microsatellite loci and one mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit Ι (cox I) gene fragment were used to investigate the genetic characteristics and structure of R. ferrugineus in southern China. High levels of genetic differentiation among populations and significant correlations between genetic and geographical distances indicated an important role of geographical distance in the distribution of the RPW in southern China. High gene flow between Fujian and Taiwan province populations illustrated the increased effects of frequent anthropogenic activities on gene flow between them. Genetic similarity (i.e., haplotype similarity) indicated that RPW individuals from Taiwan and Fujian invaded from a different source than those from Hainan. To some extent, the genetic structure of the RPW in southern China correlated well with the geographic origins of this pest. We propose that geographical distance, anthropogenic activities and the biological attributes of this pest are responsible for the distribution pattern of the RPW in southern China. The phylogenetic analysis suggests that the most likely native sources of the RPW in southern China are India, the Philippines, and Vietnam.

Usage Notes

Location

GXNN
FJTA
HNWC1
GDSZ
HNWC2
SCXC
FJSM
TWTZ