Data from: Ecological divergence plays an important role in strong but complex reproductive isolation in campions (Silene)
Karrenberg, Sophie et al. (2018), Data from: Ecological divergence plays an important role in strong but complex reproductive isolation in campions (Silene), Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.11t5s30
New species arise through the evolution of reproductive barriers between formerly interbreeding lineages. Yet, comprehensive assessments of potential reproductive barriers, which are needed to make inferences on processes driving speciation, are only available for a limited number of systems. In this study, we estimated individual and cumulative strengths of seven prezygotic and six postzygotic reproductive barriers between the recently diverged taxa Silene dioica (L.) Clairv. and S. latifolia Poiret using both published and new data. A combination of multiple partial reproductive barriers resulted in near-complete reproductive isolation between S. dioica and S. latifolia that is consistent with earlier estimates of gene flow between the taxa. Extrinsic barriers associated with adaptive ecological divergence were most important, while intrinsic postzygotic barriers had moderate individual strength but contributed only little to total reproductive isolation. These findings are most in line with ecological divergence as driver of speciation. We further found extensive variation in extrinsic reproductive isolation, ranging from sites with strong selection against migrants and hybrids to more intermediate sites where substantial hybridization is possible. This situation may allow for or even promote heterogeneous genetic divergence.