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Data from: Mapping molar shapes on signaling pathways

Citation

Morita, Wataru; Morimoto, Naoki; Jernvall, Jukka (2020), Data from: Mapping molar shapes on signaling pathways, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.12jm63xvn

Abstract

A major challenge in evolutionary developmental biology is to understand how genetic mutations underlie phenotypic changes. In principle, selective pressures on the phenotype screen the gene pool of the population. Teeth are an excellent model for understanding evolutionary changes in the genotype-phenotype relationship since they exist throughout vertebrates. Genetically modified mice (mutants) with abnormalities in teeth have been used to explore tooth development. The relationship between signaling pathways and molar shape, however, remains elusive due to the high intrinsic complexity of tooth crowns. This hampers our understanding of the extent to which developmental factors explored in mutants explain developmental and phenotypic variation in natural species that represent the consequence of natural selection. Here we combine a novel morphometric method with two kinds of data mining techniques to extract data sets from the three-dimensional surface models of lower first molars: i) machine learning to maximize classification accuracy of 22 mutants, and ii) phylogenetic signal for 31 Murinae species. Major shape variation among mutants is explained by the number of cusps and cusp distribution on a tooth crown. The distribution of mutant mice in morphospace suggests a nonlinear relationship between the signaling pathways and molar shape variation. Comparative analysis of mutants and wild murines reveals that mutant variation overlaps naturally occurring diversity, including more ancestral and derived morphologies. However, taxa with transverse lophs are not fully covered by mutant variation, suggesting experimentally unexplored developmental factors in the evolutionary radiation of Murines.

Usage Notes

Mutant mice molar shape dataset
.csv file including PCA results for only mutant mice molar shape obtained from vertex normal with low-pass filtering (size = 6).
Mutants and wild murines molar shape dataset
.csv file including PCA results for mutant mice and wild murine molar shape obtained from vertex normal and radius with low-pass filtering (size = 2).

Funding

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Award: 17K15202

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Award: 15H05609

John Templeton Foundation

Sigrid Juselus Foundation

Academy of Finland

Sigrid Juselus Foundation