Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Data from: Early rehabilitation to prevent post-intensive care syndrome in critically ill patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Citation

Kondo, Yutaka et al. (2018), Data from: Early rehabilitation to prevent post-intensive care syndrome in critically ill patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.12q6c78

Abstract

Introduction: We examined the effectiveness of early rehabilitation for the prevention of post-intensive care syndrome (PICS), characterised by an impaired physical, cognitive, or mental health status, among survivors of critical illness. Methods: We performed a systematic literature search of several databases (Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) and a manual search to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effectiveness of early rehabilitation versus no early rehabilitation or standard care for the prevention of PICS. The primary outcomes were short-term physical-, cognitive-, and mental health-related outcomes assessed during hospitalisation. The secondary outcomes were the standardised, long-term health-related quality of life scores (EuroQol 5 Dimension [EQ5D] and the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey Physical Function scale [SF-36 PF]). We used the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach to rate the quality of evidence (QoE). Results: Six RCTs selected from 5,105 screened abstracts were included. Early rehabilitation significantly improved short-term physical-related outcomes, as indicated by an increased Medical Research Council scale score (MRC score) [standardised mean difference (SMD): 0.38, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.10–0.66, p = 0.009] (QoE: low) and a decreased incidence of ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW) [odds ratio (OR) 0.42, 95% CI 0.22 to 0.82, p = 0.01] (QoE: low), compared to standard care or no early rehabilitation. However, the two groups did not differ in terms of cognitive-related delirium-free days (SMD: -0.02, 95% CI: -0.23–0.20) (QoE: low) and the mental health-related Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale score (odds ratio: 0.79, 95% CI: 0.29–2.12) (QoE: low). Early rehabilitation did not improve the long-term outcomes of PICS as characterised by EQ5D and SF-36PF. Conclusions: Early rehabilitation improved only short-term physical-related outcomes in critically ill patients. Additional large RCTs are needed.

Usage Notes