Data from: A phenological shift in the time of recruitment of the shipworm, Teredo navalis L., mirrors marine climate change
Appelqvist, Christin; Havenhand, Jonathan N. (2017), Data from: A phenological shift in the time of recruitment of the shipworm, Teredo navalis L., mirrors marine climate change, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.1781h
For many species, seasonal changes in key environmental variables such as food availability, light, and temperature drive the timing (“phenology”) of major life-history events. Extensive evidence from terrestrial, freshwater, and marine habitats shows that global warming is changing the timings of many biological events; however, few of these studies have investigated the effects of climate change on the phenology of larval recruitment in marine invertebrates. Here, we studied temperature-related phenological shifts in the breeding season of the shipworm Teredo navalis (Mollusca, Bivalvia). We compared data for the recruitment period of T. navalis along the Swedish west coast during 2004–2006 with similar data from 1971–1973, and related differences in recruitment timing to changes in sea surface temperature over the same period. We found no significant shift in the timing of onset of recruitment over this ~30-year time span, but the end of recruitment was an average of 26 days later in recent years, leading to significantly longer recruitment periods. These changes correlated strongly with increased sea surface temperatures and coincided with published thermal tolerances for reproduction in T. navalis. Our findings are broadly comparable with other reports of phenological shifts in marine species, and suggest that warmer sea surface temperatures are increasing the likelihood of successful subannual reproduction and intensifying recruitment of T. navalis in this region.