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Optimizing parameters for using the parallel auditory brainstem response (pABR) to quickly estimate hearing thresholds

Citation

Polonenko, Melissa; Maddox, Ross (2021), Optimizing parameters for using the parallel auditory brainstem response (pABR) to quickly estimate hearing thresholds, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.1c59zw3vm

Abstract

Objectives: Timely assessments are critical to providing early intervention and better hearing and spoken language outcomes for children with hearing loss. To facilitate faster diagnostic hearing assessments in infants, the authors developed the parallel auditory brainstem response (pABR), which presents randomly timed trains of tone pips at five frequencies to each ear simultaneously. The pABR yields high-quality waveforms that are similar to the standard, single-frequency serial ABR but in a fraction of the recording time. While well-documented for standard ABRs, it is yet unknown how presentation rate and level interact to affect responses collected in parallel. Furthermore, the stimuli are yet to be calibrated to perceptual thresholds. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the optimal range of parameters for the pABR and to establish the normative stimulus level correction values for the ABR stimuli.

Design: Two experiments were completed, each with a group of 20 adults (18 – 35 years old) with normal hearing thresholds (≤ 20 dB HL) from 250 to 8000 Hz. First, pABR electroencephalographic (EEG) responses were recorded for six stimulation rates and two intensities. The changes in component wave V amplitude and latency were analyzed, as well as the time required for all responses to reach a criterion signal-to-noise ratio of 0 dB. Second, behavioral thresholds were measured for pure tones and for the pABR stimuli at each rate to determine the correction factors that relate the stimulus level in dB peSPL to perceptual thresholds in dB nHL.

Results: The pABR showed some adaptation with increased stimulation rate. A wide range of rates yielded robust responses in under 15 minutes, but 40 Hz was the optimal singular presentation rate. Extending the analysis window to include later components of the response offered further time-saving advantages for the temporally broader responses to low frequency tone pips. The perceptual thresholds to pABR stimuli changed subtly with rate, giving a relatively similar set of correction factors to convert the level of the pABR stimuli from dB peSPL to dB nHL.

Conclusions: The optimal stimulation rate for the pABR is 40 Hz, but using multiple rates may prove useful. Perceptual thresholds that subtly change across rate allow for a testing paradigm that easily transitions between rates, which may be useful for quickly estimating thresholds for different configurations of hearing loss. These optimized parameters facilitate expediency and effectiveness of the pABR to estimate hearing thresholds in a clinical setting.

Methods

Methods information is provided in the manuscript as well as the README and accompanying files to the datasets.

Usage Notes

All necessary information is provided in the manuscript, a README file for the entire dataset, as well as README and sidecar files in the datasets.

Funding

National Institute for Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, Award: R00DC014288

National Institute for Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, Award: R01DC017962