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Fish assemblage composition of the four basins of Wannan Mountains, China

Citation

Li, Qiang et al. (2022), Fish assemblage composition of the four basins of Wannan Mountains, China, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.1g1jwsv0c

Abstract

Extensive distribution of widespread species and the loss of native species driven by anthropogenic disturbances modify community similarity, resulting in a decrease or increase in community distinctiveness. Data from four basins in the Wannan Mountains, China, were used to evaluate the effects of low-head dams on patterns of fish faunal homogenization and differentiation based on abundance data. We aimed to examine the spatial changes in taxonomic and functional similarities of fish assemblages driven by low-head dams and whether the changes in the similarity of fish assemblages differed between taxonomic and functional components. We found that low-head dams significantly decreased the mean taxonomic similarity but increased the mean functional similarity of fish assemblages in impoundments using abundance-based approaches, suggesting that taxonomic differentiation accompanied functional homogenization in stream fish assemblages. These results show the importance of population abundance in structuring fish faunal homogenization and differentiation at small scales, especially when the major differences among assemblages are in species abundance ranks rather than species identities. Additionally, we also found only a weak positive correlation between changes in mean taxonomic and functional similarities, and partial pairs exhibited considerable variation in patterns of fish faunal homogenization and differentiation for taxonomic and functional components. In conclusion, this study highlighted that the observed taxonomic differentiation of current fish assemblages (short-term phenomenon) is probably an early warning sign of further homogenization in regions where native species are completely predominated, and that changes in taxonomic similarity cannot be used to predict changes in functional similarity.

Keywords: Low-head dam, Stream fish, Biotic homogenization and differentiation, Taxonomic and functional diversities

Methods

A total of 106 sites were sampled across the Wannan Mountains during the wet season (August 2015). Stream fish assemblages were sampled at each site using a backpack electrofishing unit (CWB-2000 P, China; 12V input and 250V output) by wading in two passes. 

Usage Notes

Software: Microsoft Office 2007

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 31872251

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 31500452

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 31372227