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Dryad

Phylogenetic data for the description of Phytophthora heterospora sp. nov.

Cite this dataset

Horta Jung, Marília et al. (2021). Phylogenetic data for the description of Phytophthora heterospora sp. nov. [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.1jwstqjvx

Abstract

Since 1999, an unusual Phytophthora species has repeatedly been found associated with stem lesions, root and collar rot on young olive trees in Southern Italy. In all cases, this species was obtained from new commercial plantations or from nursery seedlings. Morphologically the Phytophthora isolates were characterized by the abundant production of caducous conidia and sporangia, resembling P. palmivora var. heterocystica. Additional isolates with similar features were obtained from nursery plants of Ziziphus spina-christi in Iran, Juniperus oxycedrus and Capparis spinosa in Italy, and mature trees in commercial farms of Durio zibethinus in Vietnam. In this study, morphology, breeding system and growth characteristics of these unusual Phytophthora isolates were examined, and a combined mitochondrial and nuclear multigene phylogenetic analysis was performed. The proportion between conidia and sporangia varied amongst isolates and depending on the availability of free water. Oogonia with amphigynous antheridia and aplerotic oospores were produced in dual cultures with an A2 mating type strain of P. palmivora indicating all isolates belonged to the A1 mating type. Phylogenetically, these isolates grouped in a distinct well-supported clade sister to P. palmivora, indicating they constitute a separate species. The new species, described here as Phytophthora heterospora sp. nov., proved to be highly pathogenic to both olive and durian plants in artificial stem inoculations.

Methods

To sort out the phylogenetic position of Phytophthora heterospora within phylogenetic Clade 4, a concatenated 4-partition dataset of the nuclear (ITS, Btub) and mitochondrial loci (cox1, nadh1), consisting of 4,161 characters, was analysed. The sequences obtained in this study were complemented with publicly available sequences from the GenBank Nucleotide Collection and GenBank Whole-Genome Shotgun contigs.

Briefly, the sequences of the loci used in the analyses were aligned using the online version of MAFFT v. 7. Bayesian Inference (BI) analysis was performed using MrBayes version 3.2.7 and Maximum-Likelihood (ML) analysis was carried out using the raxmlGUI v. 2.0 implementation of RAxML.

Detailed methodology can be found on the official publication "Phytophthora heterospora sp. nov., a new pseudoconidia-producing sister species of P. palmivora".

Usage notes

Data supplied:

- Table for identification of species, isolates and sequences used on the phylogenetic analyses;

- Input files used in MrBayes and raxmlGUI;

- Original trees obtained from the BI and ML analyses.

Funding

University of Catania, Italy, Award: Investigation of phytopathological problems of the main Sicilian productive contexts and eco-sustainable defense strategies (MEDIT-ECO)” PiaCeRi - PIAno di inCEntivi per la Ricerca di Ateneo 2020-22 linea 2” “5A722192155”.

Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic, Award: Project Phytophthora Research Centre Reg. No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15_003/0000453 financed by the Czech Ministry for Education, Youth and Sports and the European Regional Development Fund