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Global patterns and drivers of herbivorous eriophyoid mite species diversity

Citation

Xue, Xiao-Feng et al. (2022), Global patterns and drivers of herbivorous eriophyoid mite species diversity, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.1ns1rn8v2

Abstract

Aim: Environmental drivers and host richness play key roles in affecting herbivore diversity. However, the relative effects of these factors and their effects on lineages characterized by high host specificity are not well known. In this study, we explored the extent to which contemporary climate, Quaternary climate change, habitat heterogeneity, and host plants determine the species richness and endemism patterns of herbivorous eriophyoid mites.

Location: Global.

Taxon: Eriophyoid mites (Acari: Eriophyoidea).

Methods: We compiled a dataset comprising 4,278 eriophyoid mite species from 22,973 occurrence sites based on a comprehensive search of the published literature and the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) as a basis for predicting their global distribution patterns. We measured the association of environmental variables and host plant richness with species richness and endemism of eriophyoid mites through multiple regression analyses using a simultaneous autoregressive (SAR) model, an ordinary least squares (OLS) model, and a random forest model. We examined the direct and indirect effects of these environmental variables and the host plant richness on eriophyoid mite diversity using structural equation models (SEMs).

Results: The species richness and endemism patterns of eriophyoid mites are concentrated in temperate regions. Contemporary climate, Quaternary climate change, habitat heterogeneity, and host plants all significantly affected eriophyoid mite richness, while Quaternary climate change, habitat heterogeneity, and host plants contributed to the eriophyoid mite endemism. Abiotic factors indirectly influenced the species richness and endemism of eriophyoid mites, via biotic factors—host plants.

Main conclusions: The species richness and endemism of eriophyoid mites peak in temperate regions, opposite to the patterns of plants and some other organisms. Complex interactions among biotic and abiotic factors shape the current eriophyoid mite species diversity.

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 32170466

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 32161143014