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Neuromotor control of walking balance in individuals with cerebral palsy

Cite this dataset

Sansare, Ashwini; Reimann, Hendrik (2022). Neuromotor control of walking balance in individuals with cerebral palsy [Dataset]. Dryad.


Individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) have deficits in processing of somatosensory and proprioceptive information. To compensate for these deficits, they tend to rely on vision over proprioception in single plane upper and lower limb movements and in standing. It is not known whether this also applies to walking, an activity where the threat to balance is higher. Through this study, we used visual perturbations to understand how individuals with and without CP integrate visual input for walking balance control. Additionally, we probed the balance mechanisms driving the responses to the visual perturbations. More specifically, we investigated differences in the use of ankle roll response i.e. the use of ankle inversion, and the foot placement response, i.e., stepping in the direction of perceived fall. Thirty-four participants (17 CP, 17 age-and sex-matched typically developing controls or TD) were recruited. Participants walked on a self-paced treadmill in a virtual reality environment. Intermittently, the virtual scene was rotated in the frontal plane to induce the sensation of a sideways fall. Our results showed that compared to their TD peers, the overall body sway in response to the visual perturbations was magnified and delayed in CP group, implying that they were more affected by changes in visual cues and relied more so on visual information for walking balance control. Also, the CP group showed a lack of ankle response, through a significantly reduced ankle inversion on the affected side compared to the TD group. The CP group showed a higher foot placement response compared to the TD group immediately following the visual perturbations. Thus, individuals with CP showed a dominant proximal foot placement strategy and diminished ankle roll response, suggestive of a reliance on proximal over distal control of walking balance in individuals with CP.


This dataset contains the raw and processed motion capture data for walking trials in individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) and age-and sex-matched control (total n=34. 17 CP, 17 controls). We tested how individuals with and without CP use visual input for walking balance when they receive visual perturbations in a virtual reality environment. Each participant performed ten trials of 2 min in length while receiving visual perturbations randomly every 10-12 steps, our dataset has data for perturbed as well as unperturbed (control) steps. Our data includes kinetic and kinematic measures of walking, including but not limited to, center of mass, center of pressure, joint angles, and electromyography.


Promotion of Doctoral Studies (PODS) II Scholarship from the Foundation for Physical Therapy Research

Parkinson’s Foundation, Award: PF-JFA-2036