Data from: Reproductive performance of a declining forest passerine in relation to environmental and social factors: implications for species conservation
Grendelmeier, Alexander et al. (2015), Data from: Reproductive performance of a declining forest passerine in relation to environmental and social factors: implications for species conservation, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.1th60
Identifying factors influencing a species’ ecological niche and demography is a prerequisite for species conservation. However, our understanding of the interplay between demographic rates and biotic/abiotic factors is still poor for most species of conservation concern. We evaluated relevance of eight hypotheses relating to timing of breeding, temporal nest exposure, nest concealment, topography, tree structure, predation risk and disturbance, density dependence and weather for explaining variation in reproductive performance of the declining wood warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix in northern Switzerland. Reproductive performance was monitored with cameras at 136 nests from 2010 to 2012 and was associated to temporal exposure, timing of breeding and concealment of nests. Daily nest survival was positively related to the number of grass and sedge tussocks, nest concealment and nest age. Clutch size and number of fledglings decreased, the later in the season a nest was initiated. Nest survival over an average nesting period of 32 days was 44.5 ± 0.07 % (mean ± SE), daily nest survival rate (dnsr) was 0.975 ± 0.002. As for many ground-breeding birds, nest predation was the principal cause of nest failure, accounting for 79 % of all nest losses. Conservation measures should aim at increasing the area of relatively homogenous forest stands featuring suitable habitats characterized by abundant and accessible grass and sedge tussocks. Such conditions can be found in forest stands of middle age (i.e. pole wood) with little to no shrub layer.