Data from: Opposing effects of competition and selection on macroevolutionary dynamics
Cite this dataset
Slavenko, Alex; Thomas, Gavin (2023). Data from: Opposing effects of competition and selection on macroevolutionary dynamics [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2280gb5sm
The diversity of species and traits is the outcome of multiple evolutionary processes operating over millions of years. These processes affect rates of trait evolution, speciation, and extinction. A key problem is identifying the relative importance of distinct processes in driving observed patterns in species traits and phylogenetic trees. Here, we show how two processes, competition and stabilising selection, can act opposingly but still leave identifiable traces in macroevolutionary data. Building on previous simulation studies, we model the joint influence of competition and stabilising selection on rates of trait evolution, speciation completion, and extinction. We find that opposing effects result in nuanced patterns of trait evolution and diversification dynamics that, when considered in isolation, could easily lead to misinterpretation. In particular, while the best fitting likelihood model of trait evolution is typically Brownian motion when competition and stabilising selection act simultaneously, we find stronger phylogenetic signal than expected under BM and trait distributions that are distinctly platykurtic. Taken together, we suggest that by considering multiple simple metrics measuring trait evolution and diversification dynamics it may be possible, though challenging, to identify the relative contribution of these two processes operating together in macroevolutionary data.
The attached data includes the output from all simulations described in the manuscript, and empirical datasets used for analyses.
The zipped files contains the outputs of simulations run under the CAMPSITE model.
The sims.zip file contains simulations run under different combinations of pre-determined parameters. The simulations are stored as .rds files - each .rds file is a list of 100 simulations run under different parameter values - the titles of the different .rds files reflect the different parameters used.
Each simulation (out of 100) is an output of the CAMPSITE model, and thus is a list containing the following three lists:
1. all: containing tree (the full phylogeny), tips (a vector of trait values at the tips), trait_mat (a list of vectors, each one the trait values of the lineage in each time step. NA if lineage did not exist at that time step), lin_mat (matrix of data on each lineage, including speciation and extinction times).
2. gsp_fossil: containing tree (the phylogeny with extant and extinct good species), tips (a vector of trait values at the tips).
3. gsp_extant: containing tree (the phylogeny with extant only good species), tips (a vector of trait values at the tips).
The empirical.zip zipped file contains .csv files with trait data (in the data folder) and .tre files with associated phylogenies (in the trees folder). The file metdata.csv contains descriptions of the data and sources.
Royal Society, Award: RGF\EA\181082
Royal Society, Award: UF120016
Royal Society, Award: URF\R\180006