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Data for: Soil microbes alter competition between native and invasive plants

Citation

Fahey, Catherine; Flory, Luke (2021), Data for: Soil microbes alter competition between native and invasive plants, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2280gb5t4

Abstract

Invasive plants can alter soil microbial communities and generate positive plant-soil feedbacks that facilitate their performance, but the magnitude and direction of feedbacks may change with novel conditions under climate change. We assessed how potential soil legacy effects of plant invasion and simulated drought influenced plant performance and competition in the longleaf pine ecosystem.

We collected soil from a four-year factorial invasion (cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica) by drought (simulated with rainout shelters) field experiment and used it as live or sterilized soil inoculum in a greenhouse experiment that included two native foundation species, longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) and wiregrass (Aristida stricta), and cogongrass, grown individually or in competition.

There was no evidence of biotic soil legacy effects of invasion or drought for any plant species, but microbes played a significant role in competition. When plants were grown alone, the invader had 12% greater biomass in live soil than sterile soil but both native species had 25% less biomass in live soil. When grown in competition, these effects were reversed for cogongrass (37% smaller in live soil) and pine (17% larger in live soil). In competition, the three species grown in sterile soil produced similar amounts of biomass, whereas live soil created a competitive hierarchy where pine was more competitive than wiregrass and cogongrass.

Synthesis: These results emphasize the importance of soil biota in native plant restoration because, although the invader was highly successful when grown alone, plant-microbe interactions influenced the outcome of competition between native and invasive species by promoting native longleaf pine. There was little evidence that invasive cogongrass inhibited native plants via biotic soil legacies, instead, results suggested that plant-soil interactions can be highly resilient to global change such that the biotic legacy of invasion and drought may not promote or inhibit invasion.

Methods

Plants of three species (cogongrass- Imperata cylindrica, longleaf pine- Pinus palustris, and wiregrass- Aristida stricta) were grown with live or sterile soil inoculum from invaded or uninvaded field plots with ambient precipitation or experimental drought. Above and belowground biomass were dried and weighed and arbuscular mycorrhizal (cogongrass and wiregrass) or ectomycorrhizal (pine) colonization was quantified with the gridline intersect method.

Usage Notes

Raw data used for statistical models are included. For replication of Figures 2 and 3, the relative difference between live and sterile soil was calculated as (live-sterile)/sterile within each block.

Funding

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Award: FLA-AGR-005180

Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Award: 21942