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Data from: Shear-induced orientational dynamics and spatial heterogeneity in suspensions of motile phytoplankton

Citation

Barry, Michael T.; Rusconi, Roberto; Guasto, Jeffrey S.; Stocker, Roman (2016), Data from: Shear-induced orientational dynamics and spatial heterogeneity in suspensions of motile phytoplankton, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2306t

Abstract

Fluid flow, ubiquitous in natural and man-made environments, has the potential to profoundly impact the transport of microorganisms, including phytoplankton in aquatic habitats and bioreactors. Yet, the effect of ambient flow on the swimming behavior of phytoplankton has remained poorly understood, largely due to the difficulty of observing cell-flow interactions at the microscale. Here, we present microfluidic experiments where we tracked individual cells for four species of motile phytoplankton exposed to a spatially non-uniform fluid shear rate, characteristic of many flows in natural and artificial environments. We observed that medium to high mean shear rates (1 – 25 s^-1) produce heterogeneous cell concentrations in the form of regions of accumulation and regions of depletion. The location of these regions relative to the flow depends on the cells’ propulsion mechanism, body shape, and flagellar arrangement, as captured by an effective aspect ratio. Species having a large effective aspect ratio accumulated in the high-shear regions, due to shear-induced alignment of the swimming orientation with the fluid streamlines. Species having an effective aspect ratio close to unity exhibited little preferential accumulation at low to moderate flow rates, but strongly accumulated in the low-shear regions under high flow conditions, potentially due to an active, behavioral response of cells to shear. These observations demonstrate that ambient fluid flow can strongly affect the motility and spatial distribution of phytoplankton and highlight the rich dynamics emerging from the interaction between motility, morphology, and flow.

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