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Cerebral small vessel disease MRI features do not improve the prediction of stroke outcome

Citation

Tourdias, Thomas (2021), Cerebral small vessel disease MRI features do not improve the prediction of stroke outcome, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2547d7wnj

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether the total small vessel disease (SVD) score adds information to the prediction of stroke outcome compared to validated predictors, we tested different predictive models of outcome in stroke patients.

Methods: White matter hyperintensity, lacunes, perivascular spaces, microbleeds, and atrophy were quantified in two prospective datasets of 428 and 197 first-ever stroke patients, using MRI collected 24-to-72 hours after stroke onset. Functional, cognitive, and psychological status were assessed at the 3–6 month follow-up. The predictive accuracy (in terms of calibration and discrimination) of age, baseline NIHSS, and infarct volume was quantified (model-1) on dataset-1, the total SVD score was added (model-2), and the improvement in predictive accuracy was evaluated. These two models were also developed in dataset-2 for replication. Finally, in model-3, the MRI features of cerebral SVD were included rather than the total SVD score.

Results: Model-1 showed excellent performance for discriminating poor vs. good functional outcomes (AUC=0.915), and fair performance for identifying cognitively impaired and depressed patients (AUCs, 0.750 and 0.688 respectively). A higher SVD score was associated with a poorer outcome (odds ratio=1.30 [1.07, 1.58], p=0.0090 at best for functional outcome). However, adding the total SVD score (model-2) or individual MRI features (model-3) did not improve the prediction over model-1. Results for dataset-2 were similar.

Conclusions: Cerebral SVD was independently associated with functional, cognitive, and psychological outcomes, but had no clinically relevant added value to predict the individual outcomes of patients when compared to the usual predictors, such as age and baseline NIHSS.