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Data from: Five years of phenology observations from a mixed-grass prairie exposed to warming and elevated CO2

Citation

Reyes-Fox, Melissa; Steltzer, Heidi; LeCain, Dan R.; McMaster, Gregory S. (2017), Data from: Five years of phenology observations from a mixed-grass prairie exposed to warming and elevated CO2, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.267d2

Abstract

Atmospheric CO2 concentrations have been steadily increasing since the Industrial Era and contribute to concurrent increases in global temperatures. Many observational studies suggest climate warming alone contributes to a longer growing season. To determine the relative effect of warming on plant phenology, we investigated the individual and joint effects of warming and CO2 enrichment on a mixed-grass prairie plant community by following the development of six common grassland species and recording four major life history events. Our data support that, in a semi-arid system, while warming advances leaf emergence and flower production, it also expedites seed maturation and senescence at the species level. However, the additive effect can be an overall lengthening of the growing and reproductive seasons since CO2 enrichment, particularly when combined with warming, contributed to a longer growing season by delaying plant maturation and senescence. Fostering synthesis across multiple phenology datasets and identifying key factors affecting plant phenology will be vital for understanding regional plant community responses to climate change.

Usage Notes

Location

Mixed grass prairie
Mixed grass prarie
Cheyenne WY