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Data from: Selection on incremental variation of eye size in a wild population of Daphnia

Citation

Brandon, Christopher S.; James, Tiesha; Dudycha, Jeffry L. (2015), Data from: Selection on incremental variation of eye size in a wild population of Daphnia, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.27kk4

Abstract

Several studies of eye morphology have analyzed macroevolutionary patterns in the diversity of eyes, and though these studies are often linked to environment or behavior, they provide only indirect evidence of selection. Specific data to show the microevolutionary potential for adaptation by natural selection in eye morphology has been lacking. We document directional selection on eye size, an important determinant of visual capabilities, in a wild population of the freshwater microcrustacean Daphnia. We show that even slight changes in eye size may have major consequences for fitness. An increase of eye diameter of 19.9 μm – slightly more than one standard deviation – is associated with an increase in clutch size of one egg, or an increase of nearly 20% of the mean clutch size. Furthermore, relative eye size is genetically variable, and thus could evolve in response to the observed selective pressure. We conclude that selection on incremental variation in eye size may have led to differences observed on broader taxonomic scales.

Usage Notes

Location

Congaree National Park
South Carolina