Data from: Reconstructing the origin and dispersal patterns of village chickens across East Africa: insights from autosomal markers
Cite this dataset
Mwacharo, Joram M. et al. (2013). Data from: Reconstructing the origin and dispersal patterns of village chickens across East Africa: insights from autosomal markers [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.28fb0
Unravelling the genetic history of any livestock species is central to understanding the origin, development and expansion of agricultural societies and economies. Domestic village chickens are widespread in Africa. Their close association with, and reliance on, humans for long range dispersal makes the species an important biological marker in tracking cultural and trading contacts between human societies and civilisations across time. Archaezoological and linguistic evidences suggest a complex history of arrival and dispersion of the species on the continent, with mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) D-loop analysis revealing the presence of five distinct haplogroups in East African village chicken, supporting the importance of the region in understanding the history of the species and indirectly, of human interactions. Here, through a detailed analysis of 30 autosomal microsatellite markers genotyped in 657 village chickens from four East African countries (Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia and Sudan), we identify three distinct autosomal gene pools (I, II and III). Gene pool I is predominantly found in Ethiopia and Sudan, while II and III occur both in Kenya and Uganda. A gradient of admixture for gene pools II and III between the Kenyan coast and Uganda’s hinterland (P = 0.001) is observed, while gene pool I is clearly separated from the other two. We propose that these three gene pools represent genetic signatures of separate events in the history of the continent that relate to the arrival and dispersal of village chicken and humans across the region. Our results provide new insights on the history of chicken husbandry which has been shaped by terrestrial and maritime contacts between ancient and modern civilisations in Asia and East Africa.