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Data from: Allometric and trait-based patterns in parasite stoichiometry

Citation

Paseka, Rachel E.; Grunberg, Rita L. (2018), Data from: Allometric and trait-based patterns in parasite stoichiometry, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2c3p121

Abstract

We measured the elemental content (%C, N, and P) and ratios (C:N, C:P, N:P) of a diverse assemblage of parasitic helminths to ask whether taxonomy or traits were related to stoichiometric variation among species. We sampled 27 macroparasite taxa, spanning 4 phyla, infecting vertebrate and invertebrate hosts from freshwater ecosystems in New Jersey. Macroparasites varied widely in elemental content, exhibiting 4.7-fold variation in %N, 4.6-fold variation in %P, and 11.5-fold variation in N:P. Across all species, parasite %P scaled negatively and C:P scaled positively with body size. Similar relationships between parasite P content and body size occurred at the phylum level and within individual species. The allometric scaling of P across species supports the growth rate hypothesis, which predicts that smaller taxa require more P to support relatively higher growth rates. Life cycle stage was related to %N and C:N, with non-reproductive parasite stages lower in %N and higher in C:N than actively reproducing parasites. Parasite phylum, functional feeding group, and trophic level did not explain elemental variation among species. Organismal stoichiometry is linked to ecological function, and wide variation in macroparasite stoichiometry likely generates diverse patterns in host-parasite nutrient dynamics and variable relationships between parasitism and nutrient cycling.

Usage Notes

Funding

National Science Foundation, Award: DGE-1433187

Location

USA
New Jersey