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Data from: Tropical tree diversity mediates foraging and predatory effects of insectivorous birds

Citation

Nell, Colleen S.; Abdala-Roberts, Luis; Parra-Tabla, Victor; Mooney, Kailen A. (2018), Data from: Tropical tree diversity mediates foraging and predatory effects of insectivorous birds, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2c448p6

Abstract

Biodiversity affects the structure of ecological communities, but little is known about the interactive effects of diversity across multiple trophic levels. We used a large-scale forest diversity experiment to investigate the effects of tropical tree species richness on insectivorous birds, and the subsequent indirect effect to predation rates by birds. Diverse plots (4 tree species) had higher bird abundance (61%), phylogenetic diversity (61%), and functional diversity (55%) than predicted based on single-species monocultures, which corresponded to higher attack rates on artificial caterpillars (65%). Tree diversity effects on attack rate were driven by complementarity among tree species, with increases in attack rate observed on all tree species in polycultures. Attack rates on artificial caterpillars were higher in plots with greater bird abundance and diversity, but the indirect effect of tree species richness was mediated by bird diversity, providing evidence that diversity can interact across trophic levels with consequences tied to ecosystem services and function.

Usage Notes

Location

20°24’44”N 89°45’13”W
Yucatan
Mexico