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Data from: Growth-competition-herbivore resistance trade-offs and the responses of alpine plant communities to climate change

Citation

Pellissier, Loïc et al. (2019), Data from: Growth-competition-herbivore resistance trade-offs and the responses of alpine plant communities to climate change, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2fn12t1

Abstract

1. Climate change is expected to modify current ecological conditions sustaining the coexistence of species within cold-adapted plant communities, by influencing species growth, modifying competition and levels of herbivory. Climate change will act upon the existing structure of communities, whose response should depend on the functional differences governing coexistence among alpine species. We postulated that a possible trade-off between (i) plant growth in response to temperature, (ii) plant competition, and (iii) resistance to herbivory, should modulate the rate of plant community turnover under climate change. 2. We reviewed the literature investigating functional traits variability along elevation gradients. Despite environmental filtering, our review indicates that interspecific plant functional variation within communities does not necessarily decrease with elevation. While the diversity of traits related to abiotic affinities or competition are well documented, the functional dimension of the species resistance to herbivory is poorly known. 3. Using a Lotka-Volterra-based model, we simulated the impact of climate change on plant communities through (i) a direct effect on plant growth and competition and (ii) an indirect effect via an increase in herbivore pressure. We showed that different shapes of trade-offs between temperature-related growth, competition and resistance to herbivory modulate community turnover under climate change. 4. We documented the existence of two independent trade-offs axes using a detailed dataset of functional traits within two alpine communities in the European Alps. Plant competitive traits (i.e. leaf area and height) where negatively associated to cold tolerance, while traits of the leaf economic spectrum (SLA, LDMC) were associated to traits related to the physical resistance to herbivory. 5. We propose that the direct effect of climate change on alpine plant communities will depend on existing functional variability and how functional axes trade-off with each other. Documenting ecological constraints between plant functional axes should provide indications to anticipate winners and losers in alpine plant communities.

Usage Notes

Location

The Alps