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Identifying stationary phases in multivariate time series for highlighting behavioural modes and home range settlements

Citation

Patin, Rémi et al. (2019), Identifying stationary phases in multivariate time series for highlighting behavioural modes and home range settlements, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2j63369

Abstract

1. Recent advances in bio-logging open promising perspectives in the study of animal movements at numerous scales. It is now possible to record time-series of animal locations and ancillary data (e.g. activity level derived from on-board accelerometers) over extended areas and long durations with a high spatial and temporal resolution. Such time-series are often piecewise stationary, as the animal may alternate between different stationary phases (i.e. characterised by a specific mean and variance of some key parameter for limited periods). Identifying when these phases start and end is a critical first step to understand the dynamics of the underlying movement processes. 2. We introduce a new segmentation-clustering method we called segclust2d (available as a R package at cran.r-project.org/package=segclust2d). It can segment bi- (or more generally multi-) variate time-series and possibly cluster the various segments obtained, corresponding to different phases assumed to be stationary. This method is easy to use, as it only requires specifying a minimum segment length (to prevent over-segmentation), based on biological rather than statistical considerations. 3. This method can be applied to bivariate piecewise time-series of any nature. We focus here on two types of time-series related to animal movement, corresponding to (i) at large scale, series of bivariate coordinates of relocations, to highlight temporary home ranges, and (ii) at smaller scale, bivariate series derived from relocations data, such as speed and turning angle, to highlight different behavioural modes such as transit, feeding and resting. 4. Using computer simulations, we show that segclust2d can rival and even outperform previous, more complex methods, which were specifically developed to highlight changes in movement modes or home range shifts (based on Hidden Markov and Ornstein-Uhlenbeck modelling), which, contrary to our method, usually require the user to provide relevant initial guesses to be efficient. Furthermore we demonstrate it on actual examples involving a zebra's small scale movements and an elephant's large scale movements, to illustrate how various movement modes and home range shifts, respectively, can be identified. 15-Aug-2019

Usage Notes

Location

Hwange National Park