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Septicemia of Subterranean Termites Coptotermes curvignathus Caused by Disturbance of Bacteria Isolated from Termite Gut and Its Foraging Pathways

Citation

CHIN, KIT LING et al. (2020), Septicemia of Subterranean Termites Coptotermes curvignathus Caused by Disturbance of Bacteria Isolated from Termite Gut and Its Foraging Pathways, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2ngf1vhk8

Abstract

Microbial pathogens continue to attract a great deal of attention to manage termite population. Every bacterium has its own mode of action and in fact, the mechanisms used by bacteria to attack termites remains elusive at the moment. Hence, the objective of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility of subterranean termites Coptotermes curvignathus to opportunistic pathogens using culturable aerobic bacteria isolated from the termite gut and its foraging pathways. Bacterial suspensions were prepared in concentrations of 103, 106, and 109 CFU/mL and introduced to the termites via oral-contact and physical contact treatment. The data shows that contact method acted slower and gave lower mortality, compared to oral-contact method. C. curvignathus were highly susceptible to Serratia marcescens and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Serratia marcescens showed the highest mortality percentage of 68% and 54% at bacterial concentration of 109 CFU/mL via oral-contact and contact method, respectively. S. marcescens was also defined as the bacteria with the highest ability to induce high mortality of C. curvignathus with the lowest concentration of bacterial suspension at a given time under laboratory condition. The results of this study indicate that P. aeruginosa and S. marcescens in particular may be attractive candidates worth further examination as a possible biocontrol agent against C. curvignathus in the field and, to evaluate environmental and ecological risks of the biocontrol.