Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Data from: The role of climatic and geological events in generating diversity in Ethiopian grass frogs (genus Ptychadena)

Citation

Smith, Megan L.; Noonan, Brice P.; Colston, Timothy J. (2017), Data from: The role of climatic and geological events in generating diversity in Ethiopian grass frogs (genus Ptychadena), Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2s19v

Abstract

Ethiopia is a world biodiversity hotspot and harbours levels of biotic endemism unmatched in the Horn of Africa, largely due to topographic—and thus habitat—complexity, which results from a very active geological and climatic history. Among Ethiopian vertebrate fauna, amphibians harbour the highest levels of endemism, making amphibians a compelling system for the exploration of the impacts of Ethiopia's complex abiotic history on biotic diversification. Grass frogs of the genus Ptychadena are notably diverse in Ethiopia, where they have undergone an evolutionary radiation. We used molecular data and expanded taxon sampling to test for cryptic diversity and to explore diversification patterns in both the highland radiation and two widespread lowland Ptychadena. Species delimitation results support the presence of nine highland species and four lowland species in our dataset, and divergence dating suggests that both geologic events and climatic fluctuations played a complex and confounded role in the diversification of Ptychadena in Ethiopia. We rectify the taxonomy of the endemic P. neumanni species complex, elevating one formally synonymized name and describing three novel taxa. Finally, we describe two novel lowland Ptychadena species that occur in Ethiopia and may be more broadly distributed.

Usage Notes

Location

Ethiopia