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Data from: Effects of rogue ryanodine receptors on Ca2+ sparks in cardiac myocytes

Citation

Chen, Xudong; Feng, Yundi; Huo, Yunlong; Tan, Wenchang (2018), Data from: Effects of rogue ryanodine receptors on Ca2+ sparks in cardiac myocytes, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2s2g2

Abstract

Ca2+ sparks and Ca2+ quarks, arising from clustered and rogue ryanodine receptors (RyRs), are significant Ca2+ release events from the junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (JSR). Based on the anomalous subdiffusion of Ca2+ in the cytoplasm, a mathematical model was developed to investigate the effects of rogue RyRs on Ca2+ sparks in cardiac myocytes. Ca2+ quarks and sparks from the stochastic opening of rogue and clustered RyRs are numerically reproduced and agree with experimental measurements. It is found that the stochastic opening Ca2+ release units (CRUs) of clustered RyRs are regulated by free Ca2+ concentration in the JSR lumen (i.e. [Ca2+]lumen). The frequency of spontaneous Ca2+ sparks is remarkably increased by the rogue RyRs opening at high [Ca2+]lumen, but not at low [Ca2+]lumen. Hence, the opening of rogue RyRs contributes to the formation of Ca2+ sparks at high [Ca2+]lumen. The interplay of Ca2+ sparks and Ca2+ quarks has been discussed in detail. This work is of significance to provide insight into understanding Ca2+ release mechanisms in cardiac myocytes.

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