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Data from: Neopterygian phylogeny: the merger assay

Citation

López-Arbarello, Adriana; Sferco, Emilia (2018), Data from: Neopterygian phylogeny: the merger assay, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2tp53gr

Abstract

The phylogenetic relationships of the recently described genus †Ticinolepis from the Middle Triassic of Monte San Giorgio are explored through cladistic analyses of the so far largest morphological data set for fossil actinopterygians, including representatives of the crown neopterygian clades Halecomorphi, Ginglymodi, and Teleostei, and merging the lists of characters from previously published systematic studies together with newly proposed characters. †Ticinolepis is retrieved as the most basal Ginglymodi and our results support the monophyly of Teleostei and Holostei, as well as Halecomorphi and Ginglymodi within the latter clade. The patterns of relationships within these clades mostly agree with previous studies, though a few important differences require future research. According to our results, ionoscopiforms are not monophyletic, caturids are not amiiforms and leptolepids and luisiellids form a monophyletic clade. Our phylogenetic hypothesis confirms the rapid radiation of the holostean clades Halecomorphi and Ginglymodi during the Early and Middle Triassic and the radiation of pholidophoriform teleosts during the Late Triassic. Crown-group Halecomorphi have an enormous ghost lineage throughout most of the Mesozoic, but ginglymodians and teleosts show a second radiation during the Early Jurassic. The crown-groups of Halecomorphi, Ginglymodi and Teleostei originated within parallel events of radiation during the Late Jurassic.

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