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Data from: SNPs reveal a genetic cline across the northeast Atlantic and enable powerful population assignment in the European lobster

Citation

Jenkins, Tom L; Ellis, CD; Triantafyllidis, A; Stevens, JR (2019), Data from: SNPs reveal a genetic cline across the northeast Atlantic and enable powerful population assignment in the European lobster, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2v1kr38

Abstract

Resolving stock structure is crucial for fisheries conservation to ensure that the spatial implementation of management is commensurate with that of biological population units. To address this in the economically important European lobster (Homarus gammarus), genetic structure was explored across the species’ range using a small panel of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) previously isolated from restriction-site associated DNA sequencing; these SNPs were selected to maximise differentiation at a range of both broad- and fine-scales. After quality control and filtering, 1,278 lobsters from 38 sampling sites were genotyped at 79 SNPs. The results revealed a pronounced phylogeographic break between the Atlantic and Mediterranean basins, while structure within the Mediterranean was also apparent, partitioned between lobsters from the central Mediterranean and the Aegean Sea. In addition, a genetic cline across the northeast Atlantic was revealed using both putatively neutral and outlier SNPs, but the precise driver(s) of this clinal pattern –isolation-by-distance, secondary contact, selection across an environmental gradient, or a combination of these factors– remains undetermined. Putatively neutral markers differentiated lobsters from Oosterschelde, an estuary on the Dutch coast, a finding likely explained by past bottlenecks and limited gene flow with adjacent North Sea populations. Building on the findings of our spatial genetic analysis, we were able to test the accuracy of assigning lobsters at various spatial scales, including to basin of origin (Atlantic or Mediterranean), region of origin and sampling location. The predictive model assembled using 79 SNPs correctly assigned 99.7 % of lobsters not used to build the model to their basin of origin, but accuracy decreased to region of origin and again to sampling location. These results are of direct relevance to managers of lobster fisheries and hatcheries, and provide the basis for a genetic tool for tracing the origin of European lobsters in the food supply chain.

Usage Notes

Location

Mediterranean
Skagerrak
Northeast Atlantic
North Sea