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Data from: Phylogenomics reveals novel relationships among Neotropical crocodiles (Crocodylus spp.)


Milian-Garcia, Yoamel et al. (2021), Data from: Phylogenomics reveals novel relationships among Neotropical crocodiles (Crocodylus spp.), Dryad, Dataset,


Extant species in the order Crocodylia are remnants of an ancient lineage of large-bodied archosaur reptiles. Despite decades of systematic studies, phylogenetic relationships among members of the genus Crocodylus (true crocodiles) in the Neotropics are poorly understood. Here we estimated phylogenomic relationships among the four extant Crocodylus species in the Americas. Species-tree reconstructions using genotypic data from 17,538 SNPs collected for 33 individuals spanning six Crocodylus species (four ingroup and two outgroup) revealed novel relationships for all Neotropical species. For the first time, C. acutus, the American crocodile, was recovered as monophyletic when individuals from Antillean and continental populations were analyzed together. Our results also contradict previous inferences based on mitochondrial DNA data and a limited number of nuclear markers by robustly grouping Morelet's crocodile (C. moreletii) as the sister species to C. acutus., suggesting a novel phylogeographic hypothesis for the group. The present study punctuates the importance of using nuclear genome-wide information and representative sampling for resolving phylogenetic relationships, especially in broadly distributed species and those with complex evolutionary histories.


nextRAD genotyping-by-sequencing libraries were constructed by SNPsaurus, LLC following Russello et al. (2015) PeerJ (


American Museum of Natural History

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada