Expression levels and activities of energy-yielding ATPases in the oligohaline neritid snail Theodoxus fluviatilis under changing environmental salinities
Knobloch, Jan; Hildebrandt, Jan-Peter; Müller, Christian (2021), Expression levels and activities of energy-yielding ATPases in the oligohaline neritid snail Theodoxus fluviatilis under changing environmental salinities, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.2v6wwpzp1
The aquatic gastropod Theodoxus fluviatilis occurs in Europe and adjacent areas of Asia. The snail species has formed two genetically closely related subgroups, the freshwater ecotype (FW) and the brackish water ecotype (BW). Other than individuals of the FW ecotype, those of the BW ecotype survive in salinities of up to 28‰. Coastal aquatic ecosystems may be affected by climate change due to salinization. Thus, we investigated how the two Theodoxus ecotypes adjust to changes in environmental salinity focussing on the question whether Na+ /K+ -ATPase or V-ATPase are regulated on the transcriptional, the translational or at the activity level under changing external salinities. Animals were gradually adjusted to extreme salinities in containers under long-day conditions and constant temperature. Whole body RNA- or protein extracts were prepared. Semi-quantitative PCR and Western Blot-analyses did not reveal major changes in transcript or protein abundances for the two transporters under low or high salinity conditions. No significant changes in ATPase activities in whole body extracts of animals adjusted to high or low salinity conditions were detected. We conclude that constitutive expression of ATPases is sufficient to support osmotic and ion regulation in this species under changing salinities given the high level of tolerance with respect to changes in body fluid volume.