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Data from: Patients’ experiences with a behaviour change intervention to enhance physical activity in primary care: a mixed methods study

Citation

Westland, Heleen et al. (2019), Data from: Patients’ experiences with a behaviour change intervention to enhance physical activity in primary care: a mixed methods study, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.325pp2h

Abstract

Objective: To explore the experiences of patients at risk for cardiovascular disease in primary care with the Activate intervention in relation to their success in increasing their physical activity. Methods: A convergent mixed-methods design, parallel to a cluster-randomised controlled trial in primary care, using a questionnaire and semi-structured interviews was conducted. Questionnaires from 67 patients were analysed, and semi-structured interviews of 22 patients were thematically analysed. Experiences of patients who had objectively increased their physical activity (responders) were compared to those who had not (non-responders). Objective success was analysed in relation to self-perceived success. Results: The questionnaire and interview data corresponded, and no substantial differences among responders and non-responders emerged. Participating in the intervention increased their awareness of their physical activity and their physical activity level. Key components of the intervention were nurses' subsequent consultations and trustful support and the use of self-monitoring tools. Patients highly valued jointly setting goals, planning actions, receiving feedback and review on their goal attainment and jointly solving problems. Nurses' support, using self-monitoring tools, and involving others incentivised patients. Internal circumstances and external circumstances challenged patients' engagement in increasing and maintaining their physical activity. Conclusion: Patients experienced the Activate intervention as valuable to increase and maintain their physical activity, irrespective of their objective change in physical activity. The findings enable the understanding of the effectiveness of the intervention and implementation in primary care. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02725203

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